KCL SUBSTITUTE is a combination of amines and surfactants designed to stabilize reactive clay and shales when drilled with water-based drilling fluids or stimulated with fluids which cause clay swelling. KCL SUBSTITUTE will also prevent the swelling or migration of water-sensitive clays in injection wells and producing well formations. This product is very effective at low concentrations and can readily be added to the system without shear. KCL SUBSTITUTE also has application in acidizing, fracturing, and aqueous pre-flush fluids.
Chemical Description: Quaternary Polyamines
Viscosity @ 75°F, cps: 40 – 50
Flash Point, PMCC °F: >200
Ionic Charge: Cationic
Specific Gravity: 1.07
pH: 6 – 8
KCL SUBSTITUTE is typically applied at a concentration of ½ to 10 gallons per 1,000 gallons of fluid. At a concentration of 2 gallons per 1,000 gallons of fluid will give the functional equivalent of 2% KCL. Compatibility tests should be run prior to use in cross-linked gel systems. Avoid using the product with anionic surfactants, if possible.
PACKAGING, HANDLING AND STORAGE
KCL SUBSTITUTE comes packaged in 5 gallon pails, 55 gallon drums or in bulk.
If contact with eyes immediately rinse with water, get medical attention. If contact with skin – wash with soap and water. If ingested, dilute with water, do not induce vomiting.
INTEGRITY INDUSTRIES, INC. • P.O. Box 5342 • Kingsville • Texas • 78363 • phone (361) 595-5561 • fax (361) 595-5588